Beginner’s Guide: What is a Domain Name and How Do Domains Work?

We are often asked by beginners: what is a domain name, and how do domains work. If you are a beginner, then you may have heard that you need a domain

WordPress Fundamentals:Beginner's Information: What is a Domain Name and How Do Domains Work?

We are sometimes requested by novices: what is a area identify, and how do work? In case you are a newbie, then you will have heard that you just want a area to make a web site.

Nonetheless, many novices confuse domains with a web site or web site internet hosting companies. In case you are simply beginning out, then all these totally different phrases could sound too technical.

On this newbie's information, we'll reply what is a area identify and how domains work. The objective is that will help you perceive and select the fitting area identify on your web site.

Beginner's Guide: What is a Domain Name and How Do Domains Work?

Right here is a fast overview of the matters we'll cowl on this information.

  • What is a Domain Name?
  • How Do Domain Names Truly Work?
  • How is Domain Name Completely different from a Web site and Net Internet hosting?
  • Completely different Kinds of Domain Names
  • Who is Liable for the Domain Name System?
  • How to Select a Domain Name for Your Web site?
  • How to Purchase a Domain Name?
  • Steadily Requested Questions About Domain Names

What is a Domain Name?

A website identify is the handle of your web site that web customers kind within the browser URL bar to go to your web site.

In easy phrases, in case your web site was a home, then your area identify could be its handle.

A extra detailed clarification, although, is that the web is a big community of computer systems linked to one another by way of a international community of cables. Every pc on this community can talk with different computer systems.

To establish them, every pc is assigned an IP handle. It is a collection of numbers that establish a specific pc on the web. A typical IP handle appears like this:

Now an IP handle like this is fairly troublesome to recollect. Think about in the event you had to make use of such numbers to go to your favourite web .

Domain names had invented to unravel this drawback.

Now, if you wish to go to a web site, then you definitely don't have to enter a lengthy string of numbers.

As an alternative, you may go to it by typing an easy-to-remember area identify in your browser's handle bar. For instance,

How Do Domain Names Truly Work?

To grasp how domains really work, we'll take a have a look at what occurs whenever you enter it in your browser.

Beginner's Guide: What is a Domain Name and How Do Domains Work?

Once you enter a area identify in your internet browser, it first a request to a international community of servers that kind the Domain Name System (DNS).

These servers then search for the identify servers or DNS servers related to the area and ahead the request to these identify servers.

For instance, in case your web site is hosted on Bluehost, then its identify server info may have DNS data like this:

These identify servers are computer systems managed by your internet hosting firm. Your internet hosting supplier will ahead your request to the pc the place your web site is saved.

This pc is known as a internet server. It has particular software program put in (Apache and Nginx are two fashionable internet server software program).

The net server now fetches the online web page and items of data related to it.

Lastly, it then sends this information again to the person's browser.

How is Domain Name Completely different from a Web site and Net Internet hosting?

Beginner's Guide: What is a Domain Name and How Do Domains Work?

An internet site is made of recordsdata like HTML pages, web site builder software program, pictures, and extra. It offers you and what you are promoting a web-based presence.

If the area identify is the online handle of your web site, then webhosting is the house the place your web site lives.

This is the precise pc the place your web site's recordsdata are saved. Such computer systems are known as servers, and 're supplied as a service by internet hosting corporations.

To create your web site, you want each area identify and webhosting. You want each of them to make form of web site, whether or not it's a private, small enterprise web site, or an eCommerce retailer.

Nonetheless, it's essential to keep in mind that they're two separate companies, and you should buy them from two totally different corporations.

Now it's possible you'll be questioning, how would it not work in the event you purchased them from two separate corporations?

You simply have to edit your area identify settings and enter the Name Server info offered by your internet hosting firm. Name Server info defines the place to ship person requests on your area identify.

We advocate getting each your area identify and internet hosting from the identical firm. This lets you simply handle them beneath the identical account.

For extra particulars, see our information on the distinction between domains and webhosting.

Completely different Kinds of Domain Names

Domain names can be found in many alternative extensions. The preferred one is .com. There are numerous different choices like .org, .web, .television, .data, .io, and extra. Nonetheless, we at all times advocate utilizing .com area extension.

Let's take a extra detailed have a look at the various kinds of domains out there.

High Stage Domain – TLD

High-level domains or TLDs are generic area extensions which can be listed on the highest degree within the area identify system. They're additionally known as gTLD or generic top-level domains.

There are tons of of TLDs, however the preferred ones are .com, .org, and .web. Different TLDs are lesser recognized, and we don't advocate utilizing them. For instance, .biz, .membership, .data, .company, and many extra.

Nation Code High Stage Domain – ccTLD

Nation code top-level domains or ccTLD are country-specific domains that finish with nation code extensions like .uk for the UK, .de for Germany, and .in for India.

They're utilized by web sites that need to goal audiences in a particular nation.

Sponsored High Stage Domain – sTLD

Sponsored top-level area or sTLD is a class of TLDs that has a sponsor representing a particular neighborhood served by the area extension.

For instance, .edu for education-related organizations, .gov for the US authorities, .mil for the US navy, and extra.

Second Stage Domain – SLD

The second-level area typically refers back to the identify that comes earlier than the top-level area or TLD.

As an illustration, in, the wpbeginner is the second-level area, whereas .com is the TLD.

Domain registries use the SLDs to create a hierarchy for his or her ccTLD.

As an illustration, the .au ccTLD, which represents Australia, has,, and extra. On this case, the .com is not the High Stage Domain however a sTLD of .au TLD.

Equally, within the domains, .co is the SLD of the .uk TLD.

Who is Liable for the Domain Name System?

Web Company for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) manages the domains system. It is a non-profit group that creates and implements the insurance policies for domains.

ICANN offers permission to corporations known as Domain Name Registrars to promote domains. These area registrars are allowed to make adjustments to domains registry in your behalf.

Domain identify registrars can promote domains, handle their data, renewals, and transfers to different registrars.

As a area identify proprietor, you might be liable for telling the registrar the place to ship requests. You might be additionally liable for renewing your area registration.

How to Select a Domain Name for Your Web site?

Beginner's Guide: What is a Domain Name and How Do Domains Work?

There are at the moment greater than 350 Million registered domains and hundreds extra get registered every day.

Which means all the nice ones are already registered or will probably be registered very quickly. This places a lot of stress on new customers to give you a area thought for his or her web site.

We've created a free AI-powered enterprise identify generator software that helps you give you artistic firm identify concepts and verify area identify availability standing that will help you save time.

Listed below are some fast ideas that will help you select a area identify on your subsequent web site.

  • Persist with a .com area identify because it is the preferred, straightforward to recollect, and straightforward to advertise.
  • Be certain it is shorter and straightforward to recollect
  • Make it straightforward to pronounce and spell
  • Do not use numbers or hyphens
  • Use area identify mills to give you intelligent area identify concepts

For extra ideas and sensible recommendation, see our information on how to decide on one of the best area identify on your web site.

How to Purchase a Domain Name?

You should purchase your required domains from one of many many area identify registrars. A website identify registration usually prices 14.99 per yr. Some fashionable area identify corporations are:

  • (Use this coupon to get a low cost)
  • Community Options (use our Community Options coupon code to get 25% off)
  • GoDaddy

Nonetheless, shopping for a area doesn't robotically provide you with a internet hosting service. For that, you'll need a web site internet hosting account as nicely.

Many WordPress internet hosting corporations provide area registration companies as nicely. This lets you handle each companies beneath one account, and you additionally don't want to fret about altering identify server settings on your area.

We advocate utilizing Bluehost. They're providing WPBeginner customers a free area identify and 60% low cost on internet hosting. Principally, you may get began for $2.75/month.

→ Click on Right here to Declare This Unique Bluehost Supply ←

Steadily Requested Questions About Domain Names

Over time, we've helped hundreds of novices begin their first web sites. Now we have heard virtually each potential query about domains that you can imagine.

Following are the solutions to among the mostly requested questions on domains.

1. What is a subdomain?

A subdomain is mainly a baby area beneath the principle area identify. For instance, is a subdomain of Subdomains are generally additionally known as third-level domains.

When you register a area, you may have permission to create subdomains for it by your self.

Web sites generally use subdomains to create baby websites beneath the identical area identify.

For instance, a enterprise web site can create a subdomain for his or her weblog or their on-line retailer as or

2. Can I cancel my registration of a area identify?

Some area registrars permit area house owners to cancel their area registration at any time. In case you cancel your registration, it'll turn out to be out there for others to register.

Different area identify registrars can help you merely let your area registration expire.

Usually, you'll not get any refund for the area registration. Nonetheless, some area registrars do have refund insurance policies which you'll need to focus on with them earlier than canceling your registration.

In case you don't have the auto-renew function turned on, then your area identify will merely expire after the registration interval you may have paid for.

3. Can I transfer my web site to a totally different area identify?

Sure, you may. You may level your area identify to your internet hosting server. You can even maintain each domains pointing to the identical web site.

Nonetheless, engines like google take into account it duplicate content material, and that may have an effect on your search rankings.

Now we have a step-by-step information on tips on how to correctly transfer a web site to new area identify and setup redirects so that you don't damage your search engine optimisation.

4. Can I promote a area identify?

Sure, you may promote your area identify. Domain names are like actual property for the online. There is a enormous demand for good brandable customized domains.

Buying and selling domains is a -million-dollar business. Since domains are so low cost, good entrepreneurs are at all times on the lookout for nice area identify concepts to get their palms on.

If you wish to promote your area identify, then there are numerous market web sites like Sedo, GoDaddy, and others the place you may checklist your area on the market.

Common registrars like and Community Options additionally allow you to purchase premium domains proper from their area search function.

Associated: See one of the best GoDaddy alternate options for getting domains.

5. What is area privateness? Do I want it?

ICANN requires individuals registering domains to an e mail, bodily handle, telephone quantity, and different private info to be made out there publicly.

Domain Privateness is a separate add-on service offered by area registrars. It lets you present proxy info as an alternative of your precise private data.

You don't want to purchase area privateness in the event you don't need to. Nonetheless, in case you are involved about privateness, then you should buy this service for a small value.

6. Can I discover out who owns a area identify?

You need to use the Whois lookup software to seek out details about who owns a area identify. Nonetheless, if the area identify is utilizing area privateness, then you definitely'll see the proxy info offered by their registrar.

7. Can I purchase a couple of area identify?

Sure, you should buy as many domains as you want.

8. What is www? Is it a a part of domains?

WWW is the abbreviation for the World Extensive Net. Within the early days of the web, some specialists began utilizing it to point that one thing was a internet handle.

Nonetheless, it is not a requirement, and most web sites don't use www of their web site addresses anymore.

Technically, www is a subdomain of your most important area identify. Something that comes earlier than your most important area and is adopted by a dot is thought of a subdomain, like

9. What is the Distinction Between a URL and a Domain Name?

URL is brief for Uniform Useful resource Locator. It is a internet handle that takes you to a particular web page or file on a web site.

A website identify alone locates a specific web site. In case you enter a area identify alone (e.g. in your browser, it'll convert it into a URL like and take you to the homepage of the web site related to that area identify.

Every web page or file you see on the web has a URL related to it. As an illustration, you may see the URL for this web page in your browser's handle bar above.

10. What is the distinction between a area identify and a web site?

An internet site includes recordsdata like HTML pages,web site builder software program, pictures, and extra. It offers you and what you are promoting a web-based presence.

If the area identify is the online handle of your web site, then webhosting is the house the place your web site lives.

11. What is HTTP and HTTPS?

HTTP refers to Hypertext Switch Protocol. It is the web protocol expertise used to entry info on the internet.

Nonetheless, it is succeeded by the HTTPs, which signifies Hypertext Switch Protocol. HTTPs signifies that a web site is utilizing SSL, which is a safe protocol to transmit information on the web.

See our article on why your web site ought to use HTTPS.

11. The place can I be taught extra about making web sites?

Proper right here. WPBeginner is the world's largest WordPress useful resource web site for novices. Now we have tutorials, step-by-step guides, and movies created particularly for newbie customers.

Listed below are among the useful sources you'll discover on WPBeginner (All of them are utterly free).

  • How to make a web site (step-by-step information for novices)
  • WPBeginner Movies – Our collection of WordPress video tutorials for novices
  • WPBeginner Dictionary – Our glossary of phrases that will help you perceive the WordPress lingo
  • WPBeginner Weblog – This is the place we publish our WordPress tutorials, how-tos, and step-by-step guides.
  • WPBeginner on YouTube – Want extra video directions? Subscribe to our YouTube channel with greater than 126,000 subscribers and 12 Million+ views.

We hope this text helped you be taught what is a area identify and how domains work. You may additionally need to see our checklist of greatest free area identify mills to seek out cool concepts on your subsequent area identify.



Young women who love to code. She specialized in computer science in college and is passionate about designing and developing various websites. Her personal blog documents her programming journey and provides tutorials and resources for female programmers to encourage more women to get involved in programming.20230917

Articles: 120

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *